شناسایی ابعاد برنامه درسی مغفول بر اساس تفاوت برنامه درسی آکادمیک و برنامه درسی قصد شدۀ آموزش مفاهیم شهروندی در کتب مطالعات اجتماعی متوسطۀ دورۀ اول

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 داﻧﺸﺠﻮی دﻛﺘﺮی مطالعات ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ درﺳﻲ، واﺣﺪ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ ، مدرس دانشگاه فرهنگیان علامه طباطبایی ارومیه

2 استاد گروه علوم تربیتی ، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز ، ایران

3 دانشیار ﮔﺮوه ﻋﻠﻮم ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻲ، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﻲ واﺣﺪ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ، ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ، ایران

4 ااستادیار ﮔﺮوه ﻋﻠﻮم ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻲ، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﻲ واﺣﺪ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ، ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ، ایران

10.22099/jcr.2020.5822

چکیده

 
آماده‌سازی و تربیت شهروندان یکی از مهمترین وظایف نظام‌های تربیتی به خصوص نظام تعلیم و تربیت محسوب می‌شود. هدف این تحقیق شناسایی ابعاد برنامه درسی مغفول بر اساس تفاوت برنامه درسی آکادمیک، و برنامه درسی قصد شده آموزش مفاهیم شهروندی در کتب مطالعات اجتماعی متوسطه دوره اول بوده است. در این مطالعه از دو روش کیفی منطبق بر منطق استقرایی یعنی تحلیل محتوای کیفی متون، و مطالعه موردی کیفی استفاده شد. در مرحله تحلیل محتوای متون، منابع تحلیل شده عبارت از محتوای کتب مطالعات اجتماعی پایه‌های هفتم، هشتم و نهم بوده‌اند، و نمونه برابر با جامعه بوده است. واحد تحلیل، یک درس و واحد ثبت نیز عبارت از یک پاراگراف، یک تصویر و یا یک تکلیف بوده است. در قسمت مطالعه موردی کیفی ، مشارکت‌کننده‌ها شامل استادان حوزۀ مطالعات اجتماعی، و جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه‌های تبریز و ارومیه بوده، و نمونه‌گیری نیز با رویکرد هدفمند، و مبتنی بر تکنیک نمونه‌گیری موارد مطلوب انجام شده و با 16 نفر مصاحبه ژرف‌نگر به عمل آمد. مصاحبه‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل مضمونی، تحلیل شدند. در نهایت مضمون‌های حاصل از مصاحبه‌های استادان با مضمون‌های کتب درسی مقایسه شد. بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده، مضامین آموزش اقتصادی (آشنا نمودن دانش‌آموزان با شغل‌های نوین در شبکه‌های اجتماعی، کمک به دانش‌آموزان در انتخاب شغل مناسب، تلاش کردن به صورت جدی در زمینه‌های مالی، آشنایی با مفهوم پس‌انداز و ساده زیستی)، آموزش خانواده (آشنایی با شیوه‌های همسر گزینی)، آموزش صلح، حل تعارضات و کشمکش‌ها- مقاومت در برابر ظالم، و دفاع ازحقوق خود، امنیت، تربیت سیاسی، آموزش مهارت‌های زندگی، آشنایی با نقش جنسیت، و آموزش تفکر منطقی به عنوان مضمون‌های مغفول از نظر استادان شناسایی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


Abdollahzadeh, R. (2010). Study of the obtained curriculum and socially designed curriculum in the books of life skills and social studies in high school. Master Thesis, University of Kordestan.
Adib, Y; Fathi Azar, E; Karimi, S.B. & Soltani, A. (2016). Perceptions of faculty counselors from the absurd curriculum at university, a qualitative study. Quarterly Journal of Qualitative Research in Curriculum Planning, First Year, No. 3, pp.1-25.
Bombardelli,O.(2014). Project Report ECLIPSE: European Citizenship Learning Program for Secondary Education. Journal of Social Science Education, v13 n3 p108-112 .
Chaka; Lephala, M; Ngesi, N  .(2017). English Studies: Decolonisation, Deparochialising Knowledge and the Null Curriculum. Perspectives in Education, v35 ,n2 ,p208-229.
Chowdhury, Tapashi B;, Mohammed N.(2017). An Explorative Study on the Null Secondary Science Curriculum in Bangladesh.Science Education International,v28,n2,pp147-155
 Collado, M.C and Atxurra, R.L.(2006). Democratic citizenship in textbooks in spanish primary curriculum. Curriculum studies, Vol. 38,no, pp 205 – 228.
Davies, I. and Evans, M. (2002). Encouraging active citizenship. Educational Review. 54(1), pp.6978.
Ebrahimi Harestani, A; Mahram, B & Liaghatdar, (2015). Analyzing a neglected curriculum for the sexual education of male middle school students. Journal of Research in Curriculum Planning (Knowledge and Research in Educational Sciences in Curriculum Planning), Volume 12, Number 17 (Vol. 44), pp 40.
Emami,AWelsh,D, H. B ; amadani,  R & Davari.A.(2019). The impact of judgment and framing on entrepreneurs’ decision-making. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, DOI: 10.1080/08276331.2018.1551461.
Evans, M. (2006). Educating for citizenship: What teachers say and what teachers do. Canadian Journal of Education/Revue comedienne de education, pp. 410435.
Fathi Vajargah, C. (2002). Citizenship Education Curricula: A Hidden Priority for the Iranian Education System, Journal of Humanities Research, University of Esfahan, Volume14, Number 2, Pages 181-206.
Fathi Vajargah, C. (2016). Basic principles and concepts of curriculum planning. Tehran: Elme Ostadan Publications.
Fathi Vajargah, C .& Diba Vajari, T. (2002). Citizenship education. Tehran: Fakher Publications.
Gavidia Catalan, V.(2003). Health education in the Spanish school manuals. Revisa Espanola de salud publica.77(2).pp 275.
Gholtash, A. (2009). Reviewing the approaches of citizenship education in the curriculum of the elementary school of Iran in order to present the curriculum of citizenship education. PhD Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Esfahan.
Goodman, J  & Adler, S.(2012). Becoming an Elementary Social Studies Teacher: A Study of Perspectives. Journal Theory & Research in Social Education ,Volume 13. Pp 1-20.
Hakimzadeh, R. (2007). Content analysis of middle school textbooks according to the issues and topics of the World Day in the field of curriculum, Quarterly Journal of Curriculum Studies, Second Year, No. 5, pp 30-31.
Hazeri, A. & Khalili, A. (2014). Investigating Citizenship Education in the Open Curriculum of Iran's Official Education Institution. Journal of Sociology of Social Institutions, 1 (3), pp 131-149.
Irala, J; Urdiain,I.J; Lopez del Burgo,C.(2008). Analysis of content about sexuality and human reproduction in school textbooks in Spain. Public Health. Volume 122., Issue 10, Oct2008 , pp1103-1193.
Jamali Tazekand; M, Talebzadeh Nobarian, M & Abolghasemi, M. (2013). Analysis of the position of citizenship education components in the content of high school social science curriculum. Journal of Research in Curriculum Planning (Knowledge and Research in Educational Sciences, Curriculum Planning), Volume 10, Number 10, Sequence 37, Pages 1-19.
Karakush,M ; Buket Turhan ,T & Fikriye& Ö  .(2017). Examination of Social Studies Curriculum and Course Books in the Context of Global Citizenship.  Universal Journal of Educational Research 5(3): 472487.
Kauper , K & Jacobs, M .(2019). The Case for Slow Curriculum: Creative Subversion and the Curriculum Mind. Creativity Theory and Action in Education book series (CTAE, volume 3). pp 339-360.
 Knowles, R. T.Torney-Purta, JBarber, C .(2018 ) .Enhancing citizenship learning with international comparative research: Analyses of IEA civic education datasets. Citizenship Teaching & Learning, Volume 13, Number 1, 1 March 2018, pp. 7-30(24). Publisher: Intellect.
Leek,J.(2016).Global citizenship educationin school curricula. A Polish perspective. Journal of Social Studies Education ResearchSosyal Bilgiler Eğitimi Araştırmaları Dergis.7(2),51-74 .
Lincoln, YS. & Guba, EG. (1985). Naturalistic Inquiry. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Lotfabadi, H. (2006). Teaching national and global citizenship along with strengthening the identity and value system of students. Journal of Educational Innovation, No. 17, pp.11-44
Mahmoudi, M. (2011). Content analysis of social studies textbooks in the first year of high school from the perspective of the type of citizenship education approach, Quarterly Journal of Research in Curriculum Planning, Year 8, Second Volume, Nos. 1 and 2,. Consecutive 28 and 29. Pages 96-108.
Mahram, B & Nabizadeh Shahri. (2007). Examining the content of middle and high school textbooks in terms of sex education. Third National Congress on Family and Sexual Health. Tehran: Cultural and Artistic Creations Center.
Masoudian, P & Beheshti, S. (2013). Investigating the goals, principles and methods of political education based on Nahjolbalagheh. Journal of Research in Islamic Education, Year 20, New Volume, No.17, pp. 7-25.
Mehr Mohammadi, M. (1998). Education and Civil Society. Journal of Educational Research. Volumes 6, Nos. 3 and 4. pp. 21-32.
Miller, J. (2017). Curriculum theories (translated by Mahmoud Mehr Mohammadi, 2017). Tehran: Samt Publications.
Mir Fattahi, M. (2011). Study of the perception of middle school teachers in Tabriz about the neglected and unnecessary curriculum in social education in the 89-90  academic year. Master Thesis in Educational Sciences. Islamic Azad University of Tabriz, Faculty of Humanities and Education.
Mohammad Jani, S. (2011). The level of social studies books and female students of the third grade of theoretical high school in the 4th district of Shiraz has citizenship skills. Master's thesis, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Unit, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology.
Musapour, N. (2008). Ignoring the dimensions of the components of the unspoken curriculum. Lecture given at the second monthly meeting of the Iranian Curriculum Studies Association. Available at www. Icsa.org.ir
Naeem, M & Rezaei Sharif, A. (2016). The effectiveness of life skills training on marital adjustment and reducing domestic violence against women. Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry. Volume 3, Number 2, Pages .21-32.
Nines, Ulrike, Connor, Unna O’ & Smith, A. (2012). Citizenship education in divided societies: teachers’perspectives in Northern Ireland.Citizenship Studies,first article,2012,pp1–14.
Nourian, M. (2015). Textbook Evaluation Methods with Emphasis on Quantitative and Qualitative Content Analysis. Tehran: Shura Publications.
Rahmati, M. (2017). The Quran's view of oppression and oppression. Keyhan newspaper,
            No. 19827, dated 89/10/9, page 6.
Rezaei, H & Yamani, N. (2017). Null Curriculum: Neglected or Ineffective? Iranian Journal of Medical Education. Volume 17, Number 60, Pages 561-570.
Safar Nawadeh, M & Musapour, N. (2008). Learning curriculum for middle school social studies. 7th Conference of the Iranian Curriculum Studies Association, middle and high school courses, challenges and perspectives. Tehran: Tarbiat Moallem University.
Sarmad, Z, Bazargan, A. (2015). Research Methods in Behavioral Sciences. Tehran: Agha Publishing.
Sears, A & Vonne,Y. (2005). Citizenship Education. Canadian Education Association.
 In: www.cea.ca/mediaen/citizenship=eduction.
Shahbazi, W. (2014). Review of the content of social and Persian textbooks in elementary school in terms of adaptation to career guidance goals in this course in terms of Robert Hopak. Master Thesis. Teacher Training University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
Shahidinia, H. (2009). Educational needs assessment of jobs in the field of art affiliated with the Islamic Propaganda Organization based on the Klein model. Master Thesis, Allameh Tabatabayi University, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology.
Strandbrink, P .(2019). Citizenship Education: Ideology or System? A Critical View on Civic Educational Policy Thinking. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2019. p. 431-446.
Tabrizi, M. (2014). Analysis of qualitative content from the perspective of deductive and inductive approaches. Social Sciences Quarterly journal, No. 64, pp. 138-105.
Vaishali V & Bethany L.( 2019). Caregiver socialization of emotion and child functioning in diverse families. Developmental Review,  Volume 51, Pages 146-174.
Yvonne M, Alan S.(2001).Citizenship Education. Canada: Canadian Education Association.